0.01 Lot Size in Forex trading (also known as Micro Lot) equals 1.000 units of any given currency. In any forex pair where the quote currency is the USD such as the GBP/USD, the pip value per Micro Lot is $0.1.
If you’re trading a Micro lot of GBP/USD and the price moves 50 Pips in your favour then to calculate your profit, multiply 50 pips times $0.1, the result is a profit of $5.
Understanding Lot Sizes is the key to efficient trading as you'll be able to determine your risk-reward ratios and your costs as well. A good example of this would be:
Suppose that there is a currency pair that only moves 1 Pip a week
If in this imaginary trade, your Pip Value per Lot size is $5 and the spread your broker charges is 5 Pips, there is no way to be profitable
Every time you open a 1 Lot trade, you're paying $50 in commissions and based on this imaginary example, your best odds (due to the slow currency pair price variation) is making $5 a week
See how it makes sense? Well, time to continue reading so you can learn how to improve your forex trading and which low spreads forex brokers can greatly improve your cost efficiency.
As we understood a Mini lot is worth 1.000 units of any given currency which can also be referred to as 0.01 lot in forex. So if we buy 0.01 lots of EUR/USD that means that we purchased €1.000 worth of USD.
Pip Value per Lot Size
So far we described the pip value per micro lot (0.01 lot) using forex pairs where the quote (secondary currency) is the USD.
In case you’re wondering how to calculate the pip value per lot size when there are different currency combinations where the USD is not the quote, you can use the following formula:
Explaining the formula:
1 PIP: in here you insert the value of the pip for the currency pair you’re trading, in most cases it’s 0.0001, in the case of the USD/JPY is 0.01)
Exchange Rate: current price of your currency pair
Lot size: the actual number of currency units depending on your lot size, for example: 100.000, 10.000, 1.000, 100
The results of the Pip value per Lot size formula always come expressed in terms of the base currency which then you can convert into the currency of your choice (usually everyone converts to USD), the only moment where you don’t need to do this conversion is if the pair has the USD as base (first currency) , as the result of the formula comes expressed in terms of the base.
Remember, when the currency pair has the USD as secondary currency, you don’t need to do the formula, you already know that:
PIP Value per Standard lot on pairs with USD as quote: $10
PIP Value per Mini lot on pairs with USD as quote: $1
PIP Value per Micro lot on pairs with USD as quote: $0.1
PIP Value per Nano lot on pairs with USD as quote: $0.01
For all others, use the formula and you’ll be able to calculate your pip value per lot size regardless of the currency pair you’re trading.
If you want to learn more about this subject feel free to read our full guide on Pip value per Lot Sizes where we explain everything about each lot size along with some good frequently asked questions.
Below you'll find the spreads charged by some of our favourite brokers. This will help you understand how much capital can you save during your trades. To give you a good idea, if a broker charges a spread of 5 Pips on EUR/USD, you'll be spending $50 every time you trade 1 Lot. This is definitely an important figure to keep in mind to ensure that your trading plan is met and you don't end up spending all your trading capital in commissions.